Aliphatic hydrocarbons are an aliphatic compound that contains carbon and hydrogen. These hydrocarbons are derived from fats and oils through a chemical process. There are three groups in which they can be classified: alkanes, alkenes and alkynes. The main difference is the number of bonds in each compound: alkanes possess a single bond, alkenes have a double bond and alkynes a triple bond. They are widely used in the production of paints and coatings.
Aromatic hydrocarbons are derived from various plant extracts that contain a pleasant smell. These hydrocarbons contain a special stability and are classified into two categories: arenes or nonbenzenoid aromatic hydrocarbons. Arenes possess a benzene ring, while the nonbenzenoid classification does not. These hydrocarbons are mainly used in the production of model glues and as a solvent in paint.
Odorless Mineral Spirits
Odorless mineral spirits are an organic solvent that is comprised of a combination of aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons. It is known as a cleaning, extraction and degreasing solvent. It can be found in a variety of products, including paint, lacquers, varnishes and aerosols. Industrial units use it to clean machines because it cuts grease and grime effectively. It is also known for its use in paint thinners. Unlike its odor-filled counterpart, odorless mineral spirits lack the toxic aromatic hydrocarbons that give most thinners their unpleasant odor. It is one of the safest spirits humans can use without suffering harmful effects from its exposure.
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